The description of The Calligraphy APP
"Calligraphy is the science of beautiful writing, it comes from a foreign language, namely: English: Caligraphy is (art) beautiful hand writing Latin: Calios: beautiful Graph: writing, so the meaning is beautiful writing Calligraphy in Arabic is called Al-khoth, which means: streaks of lines or writing.
Types of Khat:
In its development there are many kinds of calligraphy style, not all khath survive until today. There are 8 (eight) types of popular calligraphy style known by the lovers of calligraphy art in Indonesia, namely;
1. Khat Naskhi
Naskhi Style - Naskhi style calligraphy is most commonly used by Muslims, both for writing religious scripts and daily writing. Naskhi style includes the oldest calligraphy style of writing. Since the rules of writing were formulated systematically by Ibn Muqlah in the 10th century, this style of calligraphy is very popularly used to write the Qur'anic manuscripts until now. The character of the letter is simple, almost without additional decoration, so easy to write and read. [Didin Sirojuddin (2006)].
2. Kite Tsuluts
Style Tsuluts - This calligraphy is an Arabic language minister (wazir) during the Abbasid Caliphate. The calligraphy style of Tsuluts is very ornamental, with many additional ornaments and easily formed in certain compositions to fill the available writing space. Calligraphic works that use the style of Tsuluts can be written in the form of curves, with the head tapered and sometimes written with a strong connection and intersection. Because of its beauty and flexibility, the style of Tsuluts is widely used as a mosque architecture ornament, book cover, and interior decoration, and so on.
Pharisaic Calligraphy - As the name suggests, Pharisaic style calligraphy was developed by the Persians and became the official letter of this nation since the Safavid period until now. The Pharisaic calligraphy is of prime importance to line elements, written without a vowel, and the author's skill is determined by his agility of playing with the thin letters in the proper 'dosage'. This style is widely used as the exterior decoration of mosques in Iran, which is usually combined with colorful Arabes.
4. Khat Riq'ah
Style Riq'ah - Calligraphy is the result of the development of calligraphy style Naskhi and Tsuluts. Just as with the Naskhi style of writing used in everyday writing. Riq'ah was developed by the Ottoman calligrapher, commonly used for regular handwriting or for other practical purposes. The character of the letter is very simple, without a vowel, making it possible to write quickly.
5. Khat Ajazah
Style of diploma (Raihani) - Calligraphy style style diploma (Raihani) is a blend between the style of Tsuluts and Naskhi, developed by calligraphers Daula Ottoman. This style is commonly used for writing a diploma from a calligraphy teacher to his students. The character of the letters is like the Tsuluts, but more simply, a few extra ornaments, and is not commonly written in stacks (murakkab).
6. Khat Diwani
Calligraphy style Diwani - Calligraphy was developed by calligrapher Ibrahim Munif. Then, perfected by Shaykh Hamdullah and the Ottoman Calligrapher in Turkey in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. This style was used to write the head of an official letter of the kingdom. The character of this style is round and not in character. The beauty of his writing depends on his line of play occasionally on certain letters rising or rising, far exceeding the horizontal line. Diwani calligraphy model is widely used for architectural ornaments and book covers.