Praise be to Allah the Lord of the universe that always gives a lot of pleasure. Sholawat and greetings we addressed in our master the Prophet Muhammad that we all expect his intercession on the Day of Judgment.
Surah Al Fatihah included in the letter is a letter Meccan surah revealed in Mecca. Surah Al Fatihah is the first letter in Al Qur or referred to as a letter opener. Surah Al Fatihah Consists of the seventh paragraph.
Memorize the surah Al-Fatihah is the duty of every person who works daily prayers, both when prayer alone, or as a congregation or a priest must know and understand Letter Alfatihah. Because if you do not read surah Al-Fatihah, the prayer is not valid.
Our prophet, the paragon us that Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,
مَنْ صَلَّى صَلاَةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيْهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ ثَلاَثًا غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ فَقِيْلَ لِأَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ: إِنَّا نَكُوْنُ وَرَاءَ اْلإِمَامِ فَقَالَ: اِقْرَأْ بِهَا فِيْ نَفْسِكَ فَإِنِّيْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ: قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى: قَسَّمْتُ الصَّلاَةَ بَيْنِيْ وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِيْ نِصْفَيْنِ وَلِعَبْدِيْ مَا سَأَلَ
"Those who perform their prayers, while he did not read Umm Al-Qur'an (Al-Fatihah) in it, then the prayer is lacking (3X), not perfect". Abu Hurayrah was asked, "What if we were at the back of the priest". He said, "Read to yourself (ie, in sirr / slow), because really I have heard the Messenger -Shallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam said," Allah -Ta'ala- said, "I have divided the prayer (ie, Al- Fatihah) between me with half my servant, and my servant will receive what he asked for. " [HR. Muslim (395), Abu Dawood (821), At-Tirmidziy (2953), An-Nasa'iy (909), and Ibn Majah (838)]