The description of Surah Mominoon
Sūrat al-Mu’minūn (Arabic: سورة المؤمنون, "The Believers") is the 23rd surah (chapter) of the Qur'an with 118 ayat (verses).
This surah deals with the fundamentals of faith (Aqidah), Tawheed (Islamic monotheism), Risalah (Messengership), Resurrection and the supreme Judgement of God. The surah drives these themes home by drawing attention to God's creation of man through different stages in the mother's womb, His creation of the heavens and the earth, His sending down rains and growing plants, trees and fruits, and His providing of domestic animals with various benefits for man, all together with an emphasis on the fact that man shall die and shall be raised up on the Day of Resurrection. (See also: Islamic eschatology)
The theme of Risalah is emphasized with reference to the accounts of some prophets of Islam such as Nuh (Noah), Hud, Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus), noting that all of them delivered the same message of monotheism, but were disbelieved and opposed by the people they preached to, and that all of them were helped and rescued by Allah. A reference is also made to the similar unbelief and opposition of the Meccan leaders to the message delivered to them by Muhammad. The Surah ends with another reference to the inevitability of the Day of Resurrection and pointing out that man will not have a second chance to return to the worldly life and make amends for his lapses and mistakes.
The Surah begins with an assertion, "Most certainly the Believers have attained true success", intending to put across a point that the criterion of success and failure which people who disbelieve in Islam, hold in mind is in fact erred because it is based on misconceptions and is transitory and limited in nature, in turn leading to eventual failure and not true success.
On the contrary, those who follow the teachings of Islam taught by Muhammad, regarded by the disbelievers as failures are actually the ones who are truly successful. Because by their acceptance of the invitation to Islam, they are guaranteed of true success and everlasting bliss in this world as well as in the Hereafter. By rejecting the message of Islam, the non-believers have incurred a profound loss and would meet with the evil consequences both in this world and the next.
This is the main theme of the Surah and the whole discourse, from the beginning to the end, is meant to impress the same.
The first eleven verses of this Surah hence mention the desired qualities of the believers, they are blessed and will attain victory:
A brief translation of the first 11 verses is as follows:
(1) [How] prosperous are the believers!
(2) Those who pray humbly,
(3) who shun idle talk,
(4) who pay the prescribed alms,
(5) who guard their chastity
(6) except with their spouses or their slaves ––with these they are not to blame,
(7) but anyone who seeks more than this is exceeding the limits––
(8) who are faithful to their trusts and pledges
(9) and who keep up their prayers,
(10) will rightly be given
(11) Paradise as their own, there to remain.