The description of Mount Everest Wallpaper
Mount Everest also known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain. Its peak is 8,848 metres above sea level. Mount Everest is in the Mahalangur Range. The international border between China and Nepal runs across Everest's summit point. Nearby peaks include Lhotse 8,516 m Nuptse 7,855 m and Changtse 7,580 m among others. Another nearby peak is Khumbutse and many of the highest mountains in the world are near Mount Everest.
In 1715, China surveyed the mountain while mapping Chinese territory and depicted it as Mount Qomolangma no later than 1719. In 1856, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established the first published height of the mountain then known as Peak XV at 8,840 m. The current official height of 8,848 m as recognised by China and Nepal was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975. In 2005, China remeasured the height of the mountain and got a result of 8844.43 m.
An argument regarding the height between China and Nepal lasted five years from 2005 to 2010. China argued it should be measured by its rock height of 8,844 m but Nepal said it should be measured by its snow height of 8,848 m. In 2010, an agreement was finally reached by both sides that the height of Everest is 8,848 m and Nepal recognises China's claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 m.
In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh the British Surveyor General of India. As there appeared to be several different local names Waugh chose to name the mountain after his predecessor in the post Sir George Everest despite George Everest's objections.
Mount Everest attracts many climbers some of them highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal and the other from the north in Tibet China. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness weather and wind as well as significant hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2016 there are well over 200 corpses on the mountain some of which serve as landmarks.
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