The description of Lung cancer
Lung cancer: key points
Lung cancer or bronchial cancer develops most often from bronchial cells. There are two main types of bronchial cancers: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. They represent approximately 80% and 20% of cancers, respectively.
Three types of treatments are used in the management of bronchial cancers: surgery, radiotherapy and medical treatments (chemotherapy and targeted therapies).
The choice of treatments is adapted to your situation. Several different specialty doctors meet to discuss possible treatment options for you. They are based on recommendations of good practice. They can also suggest you to participate in a clinical trial.
For non-small cell lung cancers, surgery is the standard of care when the stage of cancer, that is, its degree of extension, and your general state of health allow it.
For bronchial small cell cancers, chemotherapy associated or not, depending on the stage, with radiotherapy constitutes the reference treatment.
The team that takes care of you includes professionals from different specialties: pulmonologist, medical oncologist, surgeon, oncologist radiotherapist, pathologist, psychiatrist and psychologist, pain specialist, nurse, physiotherapist, carer, dietitian, social assistant ... Professionals work collaboratively within the health facility in which you receive your treatments and in connection with your doctor.
Treatments can cause side effects that are also subject to medical care. Practical tips can also help you mitigate them.
The management of cancer is comprehensive and includes all the care and support you may need from diagnosis, during and after treatment: psychological support, social support, pain management, etc.
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