Rattan sticks are usually slender with a diameter of 2-5 cm, jointed long, hollow, and many are protected by thorns long, hard and sharp. These spines serve as a means of self defense from herbivores, while helping climbing, because the rattan is not equipped with tendrils. A rattan stem can reach hundreds of meters long. Rattan sticks if cut down and remove the water can be used as a way to survive in the wild. Javan rhino is also known to make rattan as one of the menu.
Most of rattan from forests in Indonesia, such as Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara. Indonesia supplies 70% of the world's rattan. The rest of the market is filled from Malaysia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.
Rattan fast growing and relatively easy to harvest and ditransprotasi. It is thought to help preserve the forest, because people prefer to harvest rattan rather than wood.
Rattan is commonly used in the industry is not too much. Some of the most commonly traded is manau, Stem, Tohiti, Mandola, Tabu-Tabu, Suti, Sega, Coat, Blubuk, Java, Bitter, Kubu, Track, Slimit, worms, Semambu, and Pulut.
Once cleared from the midrib prickly mixed rattan to be treated for preservation and protection from fungal Blue Stain. Broadly speaking there are two raw material processing rattan: Cooking with kerosene to rattan medium-sized / large and fumigation with sulfur to small-sized rattan.
Furthermore, rattan can be processed into various raw materials, for example made Peel (peeling) / Sanded Peel, polished / semi-polished, made core, or star Weaving core. The industrial centers of handicrafts and the largest rattan furniture in Indonesia is located in Cirebon.
Utilization of rattan (sp. Daemonorops Draco) primarily as raw materials of furniture, such as chairs, coffee table and bookcase. Rattan has several advantages than wood, such as light weight, strong, ductile / malleable, and cheap. The main drawback of rattan is susceptible to a flea powder "Pin Hole".
Rattan sticks can also be made as a crutch to walk and weapons. Various universities martial arts teach you how to fight using rattan sticks. In some places in Southeast Asia, rattan is used as a battering in the caning sentence for perpetrators of certain crimes.
Some cane sap (resin) of the flower stalk. This sap is red and is known in the trade as dragon's blood ( "dragon's blood"). These resins are used to color the violin or as meni.