The description of Decorative Light Design
Lighting design is not just an art; It's a science as well. Dark corners and dimly lit rooms are esthetically displeasing, and people will generally steer away from them. Poor lighting can also reduce the color and texture of a living area, making it look worse. Alternately, intense lighting can wash out the colors of a room, and direct lighting often overpowers delicate wall textures and / or décor.
Psychological and scientific studies have shown that people function better in terms of overall mood and cognitive function when there is sufficient light. People are also more likely to inhabit a room where lighting is set up to make the space seem warm and inviting. Therefore, lighting strategy must be considered as fundamental during the design of any living space, since lighting influences how the space will be perceived and utilized.
When performing lighting design for a room, keep the following facts in mind:
1. Lighting always requires shadow in order to create contrast and visual appeal. Bright overhead lights, while able to illuminate every aspect of a room, often turn it into a "monotone" and boring space.
2. A given living space typically requires from 5 to 10 light sources in order to be adequately lit. The exact number of light sources will also depend on the color scheme of the room; a darkly painted room will require more lighting than a lightly painted one. Similarly, a heavily decorated room will require more light sources in order to highlight the many interesting features of that space.
3. Matching light collections are ideal for achieving unity in a single room, as well as saving on purchasing time.
Pictures and paintings are important features of a room and should be illuminated. Highlighting such items also helps to define the perimeter of a room.
To make a room more interesting, try varying the heights of light sources, as well as their intensities (e.g., by installing dimmer switches). Such variations will help create different areas of shade intensity and size.
When evaluating a room before light installation, consider the room's need for one or more of these light sources:
General (ambient) light: This refers to the overall light level provided in a living space so that it is visible and safe for its intended use. In many cases, general light is provided via overhead ceiling lamps. Another common practice is to use recessed lighting along the walls or as part of the ceiling trim.
Task light: This is a focused light source that illuminates a work area such as a desk, a lab bench, or a kitchen island. Such light can be provided in the form of a lamp, a pendant fixture, or track light. In some cases, a task light may be recessed; For example, the light can be mounted under a kitchen cabinet so that it is not visible from the kitchen counter space.
Accent light: Such a light is usually four times the intensity of an area's general ambient light and focuses attention on a specific object or room fixture. Quite often, halogen lights are used to provide a bright-white glow to an object. In some cases, the accent light can be equipped with a focusing lens to target a specific feature of a fixture or object.
Display light: This light is typically low voltage and is used in display of small keepsakes, figurines, dinnerware, etc. In this case, typically used xenon or halogen lights ranging from 3W to 20W.
Cove light: Such a light is mounted on the perimeter of the living space, such as where the ceiling and walls meet. A large crown molding can be used to hide the actual light. Light fixtures are typically placed about 4 inches from the wall in order to minimize any scalloping effects. It is also recommended that the ceiling height above the light fixture be no more than twice the distance of the fixture to the wall (for example, a bulb placed 3 inches away from the wall should be no more than 6 inches away from the ceiling).