cervical cancer Cervical cancer is the development of a malignant tumor of the cervical lining. This cancer is considered to be an infectious disease of slow-moving infectious origin. In the majority of cases, cancer of the cervix occurs after prolonged exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV).
Indeed, the long-term presence of the virus in the mucosa has a deleterious effect on healthy cells that can turn into cancer cells. It is the proliferation of these few cancer cells at the beginning which leads to the appearance of a mass more or less organized called tumor. As tumors appear in the mucosa, they are also known as squamous cell carcinomas and account for nearly 85% of cervical cancer cases.