Calligraphy, from Greek; καλλι "beauty" + γραφος "write") Japanese Nihongo 日本語) is the art of beautiful writing with a pen for decoration. Posts in the form of calligraphy is usually not to read with high concentrations in a long time, because it is the nature that makes the eyes tired quickly. Because it is very difficult to find examples of calligraphy as typography of today's books. Although calligraphy in Arabic writing is better known, but there are many application applications in Latin script.
In the art of Islam, Arabic writing is often made calligraphy. Usually the contents are adapted verses of the Qur'an. The shape is various, not always pen on paper, but often also broken on metal or leather. One form of application of Islamic calligraphy as an ornamental art is at Al Hamra Palace, Spain.
Contemporary Islamic calligraphy is the work of "rebellion" over the pure classical calligraphic methods. The development is very rapidly stuffing various media in the form of categories. The school is trying to escape from the pure customs or calligraphy that khattat holds in many pesantrens and Islamic institutions such as Naskhi, Tsulutsi, Pharisa, Diwani, Diwani Jali, Kufi, and Riq'ah. The features of contemporary Islamic calligraphy are divided into traditional categories, figural, expressionist, symbolic, and absolute abstraction.